Learn About GHB and Ketamine
Potent Date Rape Drugs that are Increasing in Use and Popularity
GHB (gammahydroxybutyrate) and Ketamine (Ketamine Hydrochloride) are potent, odorless, and colorless date rape drugs that render a victim helpless within minutes. A brief background of each drug is given below. GHB has become the date rape drug of choice in today’s world (see graphic and facts below).
GHB (also known as Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid E, G, Poor Man’s Heroin, Soap, and Zonk)
What is GHB?
GHB is a clear liquid that looks like water and acts as a powerful sedative that can cause a person to lose consciousness and suffer significant memory loss. Besides body-builders and athletes that illegally use GHB as a performance-enhancing drug, it is commonly used for several purposes–to get high or to render some unsuspecting victim unconscious for the purpose of non-consensual sex, theft, or simply to hurt someone and make someone look foolish.
A study published in the Psychology of Violence4 in 2017 found that an alarming number of college students are still getting drugs slipped into their drinks and many even admit to spiking other student’s drinks for “fun.”
How Does GHB Work?
GHB works by depressing the central nervous system and creating a sensation where the mind and body feel as if they are slowing down. Although the drug acts as a sedative, it also creates a euphoric effect. It’s highly toxic, dangerous, volatile, and addictive by design.
Where is GHB Made?
Although recipes vary, GHB is made from cleaning agents, paint strippers, superglue remover, rust removers, as well as other harsh and toxic chemicals. Many of these chemicals can be found in a typical home. GHB is a dangerous and deadly chemical.
How Much Does GHB Cost?
GHB is inexpensive and compares to a mild heroin buzz or a low-grade ecstasy trip. GHB is regarded as “poor man’s heroin” and sells for about $5 a dose. An investment of approximately $800 in materials can produce enough GHB to turn a profit of almost $100,000.
Why is GHB So Effective as a Date Rape Drug?
Someone who takes GHB can lose entire blocks of time and will not remember anything that happened while under the influence. There have been thousands of reported cases (and an untold number of unreported cases) of date rape incidents related to GHB. It has gained popularity as a club drug used primarily by those in the 18 to 25-year-old age group2 at raves, clubs, and parties2. Unfortunately, children as young as 12 years old are experimenting with GHB2. This is why GHB has earned the reputation as today’s date rape drug of choice (see graphic below).
Is GHB Safe?
Alcohol and GHB are a deadly combination. More than 75 percent of all GHB-related emergency room visits also involve the consumption of alcohol. There have been approximately 16,000 GHB-related deaths reported in the United States2. Young women between ages 16 and 24 are four times more likely to be slipped GHB without their knowledge (and potentially raped) than any other age group2. Almost 25% of sexual assault victims are sorority members, whereas only 14% of victims were non-sorority members1.
Source: Northpoint Recovery Website.
KETAMINE (Ketamine Hydrochloride Special K, K, Dorothy)
Ketamine is a prescription drug which can only be administered by a medical professional. Ketamine has been used since it was approved by the FDA in 1970, primarily as an anesthetic; it is hallucinogenic and very similar to the drug PCP. Even though it is illegal to possess or use Ketamine outside of medical purposes, it is often misused as a party or rave drug. The half-life of Ketamine is around 2.5 to 3 hours in adults. For most people, the majority is eliminated from the body within 24 hours after the last dose of Ketamine. It is crucial to detect the date rape drug before it is ingested.
The emotional scars from a sexual assault can last a lifetime. The Creep Alert is an integral crime prevention tool that is being implemented by law enforcement agencies for community outreach and by college police and departments of public safety to prevent sexual assault.
1. RAINN. https://centers.rainn.org
2. Northpoint Recovery. https://www.northpointrecovery.com
3. National Institute for Justice (NIJ) Campus Sexual Assault Study (CSA). https://nij.ojp.gov
4. Just a Dare or Unaware? Outcomes and Motives of Drugging (“Drink Spiking”) Among Students at Three Campuses, Suzanne C. Swan, et. al, Published in Psychology of Violence, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 2, 253-264
5. The Secret of Sexual Assault in Schools, neaToday, Dec 2017
6. Campus Sexual Assault Study, 2007; Matthew Kimble, Andrada Neacsiu, et. Al, Risk of Unwanted Sex for College Women: Evidence for a Red Zone, Journal of American College Health (2008).
7. David Cantor, Bonnie Fisher, Susan Chibnall, Reanna Townsend, et. al. Association of American Universities (AAU), Report on the AAU Campus Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct (September 21, 2015).
8. U.S. Department of Justice. National Crime Victimization Survey. 2009-2013.
9. U.S. Department of Justice. Estimate of the Incidence of Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault in the U.S. 2005.